Maths Formulas for Class 10

Maths Formulas for Class 10 is available for Chapter wise on NCERTGUESS.COM. Download the important Maths Formulas and equations PDF to solve the problems easily and score more marks in your Class 10 NCERT and CBSE Board Exams.

Maths Formulas Class 10: Mathematics is one of the most important crucial subjects for Class 10 students. Maths subject act as one of the deciding factors for various career choices. Maths Formula for Class 10 is not only beneficial for Class 10 but also forms the base for higher-level Maths concepts. Maths formulas are very important for students who wish to pursue careers in fields such as engineering, medical, commerce, finance, computer science, etc. Class 10 Maths formulas are related to topics i.e. real numbers, polynomials, quadratic equations, triangles, circles, statistics, probability, etc. These formulas are highly helpful for students who will be able to solve questions more accurately and quickly.

Download All Maths Formulas for Class 10

Students who are appearing for Class 10 Board exams must give more importance to the Maths syllabus. Read this article to find all the important information regarding Maths Formulas For Class 10 which will help students in scoring good marks in Maths in the upcoming CBSE Board exam.

You must have heard about the importance of class 10 from your parents, teachers, and seniors. There is no dyeing to the fact that this particular class plays a vital role in the identification of your career pathway along with laying a foundation for the same. Out of all the subjects in class 10, Maths is considered as the toughest one by many students. This blog will serve as a one-stop for all the key Maths Formulas for class 10 to help you solve problems faster. So, just sit back, relax, and read through the end!

General Maths Formulas for Class 10

Here is a list of other important formulas for class 10-

  1. (a+b)2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab
  2. (a-b)2 = a2 + b2 – 2ab
  3. (a+b) (a-b) = a2 – b2
  4. (x + a)(x + b) = x2 + (a + b)x + ab
  5. (x + a)(x – b) = x2 + (a – b)x – ab
  6. (a + b)3 = a3 + b3 + 3ab(a + b)
  7. (a – b)3 = a3 – b3 – 3ab(a – b)
  8. (x – a)(x + b) = x2 + (b – a)x – ab
  9. (x – a)(x – b) = x2 – (a + b)x + ab
  10. (x + y + z)2 = x2 + y2 + z2 + 2xy + 2yz + 2xz
  11. (x + y – z)2 = x2 + y2 + z2 + 2xy – 2yz – 2xz
  12. (x – y + z)2 = x2 + y2 + z2 – 2xy – 2yz + 2xz
  13. (x – y – z)2 = x2 + y2 + z2 – 2xy + 2yz – 2xz
  14. x3 + y3 + z3 – 3xyz = (x + y + z)(x2 + y2 + z2 – xy – yz -xz)
  15. x2 + y2 =½ [(x + y)2 + (x – y)2]
  16. (x + a) (x + b) (x + c) = x3 + (a + b +c)x2 + (ab + bc + ca)x + abc
  17. x3 + y3= (x + y) (x2 – xy + y2)
  18. x3 – y3 = (x – y) (x2 + xy + y2)
  19. x2 + y2 + z2 -xy – yz – zx = ½ [(x-y)2 + (y-z)2 + (z-x)2]

Maths Formulas for Class 10 All Chapters

Now let us quickly go through Maths formulas for class 10 of all the chapters-

  • Chapter 1 – Real Numbers Formulas
  • Chapter 2 – Polynomials Formulas
  • Chapter 3 – Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Formulas
  • Chapter 4 – Quadratic Equations Formulas
  • Chapter 5 – Arithmetic Progressions Formulas
  • Chapter 6 – Triangles Formulas
  • Chapter 7 – Coordinate Geometry Formulas
  • Chapter 8 – Introduction to Trigonometry Formulas
  • Chapter 10 – Circles Formulas
  • Chapter 12 – Areas Related to Circles Formulas
  • Chapter 13 – Surface Areas and Volumes Formulas
  • Chapter 14 – Statistics Formulas
  • Chapter 15 – Probability Formulas

Chapter 1: Real Numbers

The first chapter of class 10th mathematics will equip you with a variety of concepts related to Natural numbers, Whole Numbers and Real Numbers, etc. Let us have a look at the maths formula for class 10-

Numbers Details 
Natural NumbersN ={ 1, 2,3,4,5 … } 
Whole Numbers W={ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5… }
Rational NumbersThose numbers which can be presented in the form of a/b are called Rational Numbers. 
Re Numbers Real Numbers can be found on a number line 

Class 10 Maths Chapter 1 NCERT PDF

Chapter 2 Polynomials

Through the Polynomials chapter, you will have a firm understanding regarding various degrees of Polynomials such as Linear, Quadratic, Cubic, etc. Here are the important formula for this chapter 

Take This Maths Quiz If You Consider Yourself Genius!

Class 10 Maths Chapter 2 NCERT PDF

Chapter 3: Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

It is an integral chapter containing a variety of important Maths formulas for class 10 especially from the competitive exams point of view. Tabulated below are some of the formulas of this chapter:

  • Linear equation in one variable: ax +b =0 
  • Linear equation in two variables: ax+ by+ c =0 
  • Linear equation in three variables: ax+ by+ cz= 0

Class 10 Maths Chapter 3 NCERT PDF

Chapter 4: Quadratic Equations 

One of the most essential chapters aims to create a sound foundation for upcoming higher studies in this subject. Refer below for the integral formulas of this chapter- 

Check out the CBSE Class 10 Maths Syllabus!

Class 10 Maths Chapter 4 NCERT PDF

Chapter 5: Arithmetic Progression 

Arithmetic Progression is a crucial chapter for class 10th as it constitutes a majority of the questions both in scholastic as well as competitive exams. Here are some important maths formulas for class 10: 

Class 10 Maths Chapter 5 NCERT PDF

Chapter 6: Triangles 

From the sixth chapter onwards, your journey regarding geometrical mathematics will begin. Through this unit, you will get to know about the application of various properties of triangles as well as how to use them in mathematical questions. 

Are you planning to give some competitive exams? Here are some tips on Maths for competitive exams!

Class 10 Maths Chapter 6 NCERT PDF

Chapter 7: Coordinate Geometry 

Going through the coordinate geometry chapter, you will be through with a variety of concepts that will be an integral part of higher-level mathematics in class 11th and 12th. The main topics and maths formula for class 10th are

Class 10 Maths Chapter 7 NCERT PDF

Chapter 8: Trigonometry 

A highly interesting chapter covering a wide range of formulas and topics which is also an important element of the class 10th board exams. Having a firm grip over Trigonometry formulas will help you achieve your dream score in exams: 

Sin 01/21/23/210
Cos 13/21/21/20-1
Tan  01/3130
Cot 311/30
Sec 12/322-1
Cosec 222/31
  • Sinθ= 1/ Cosecθ or Sin θ.Cosecθ= 1
  • Cosθ= 1/Secθ or Cos θ.Secθ= 1
  • Tanθ= 1/Cotθ or Tanθ.Cotθ= 1
  • Sin (A+B)= SinA.CosB + CosA.SinB
  • Sin (A-B)= SinA.CosB – CosA.SinB
  • Cos (A+B)= CosA.CosB- SinA.SinB
  • Cos (A-B)= CosA.CosB+SinA.SinB
  • Tan (A+B)= (TanA + TanB)/ (1-TanA TanB)
  • Tan (A-B)= (TanA- TanB)/ (1+TanA TanB)

Here is a complete list of Trignometry formulas!

Class 10 Maths Chapter 8 NCERT PDF

Chapter 10: Area of Circle 

By going through this mathematics chapter regarding Circles, you will get to learn about various fundamentals which are involved in higher-level programs such as Engineering, Architecture, etc. 

Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 NCERT PDF

Circles comprise a multitude of figures inside them, hence via this chapter you will learn about other geometrical aspects of those figures. 

Here are some Ratio and Proportion questions for you to practice!

Class 10 Maths Chapter 12 NCERT PDF

Chapter 13: Surface Area and Volume

Out of all, this chapter has been an integral part of the maths syllabus since class 6th or 7th. Hence, in class 10th this chapter involves a variety of formulas to have a sound understanding of the concept. 

Class 10 Maths Chapter 13 NCERT PDF

Chapter 14: Statistics

Important maths formulas for class 10th of this chapter are 

Check out the list of Mensuration formulas!

Class 10 Maths Chapter 14 NCERT PDF

Chapter 15: Probability

The essential formula for the Probability chapter is: 
P(E)= Number of outcomes favorable/ Number of all possible outcomes of the experiment

Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 NCERT PDF

Maths Formulas for Class 10 PDF

Here is a PDF of the above-mentioned formulas Maths Formulas for Class10 Download

Additional Maths Formulas for Class 10 Trigonometry

  • sin θ = Side opposite to angle θ/ Hypotenuse = Perpendicular/Hypotenuse= P/H
  • cos θ = Adjacent side to angle θ/ Hypotenuse= Adjacentside/ Hypotenuse= B/H
  • tan θ = Side opposite to angle θ/ Adjacent side to angle θ
  • sec θ = 1/ cosθ
  • cot θ = 1/ tanθ
  • cosec θ = 1/ sinθ
  • tan θ = Sinθ/ Cosθ
  • sin (90° – θ) = cos θ
  • cos (90° – θ) = sin θ
  • tan (90° – θ) = cot θ
  • cot (90° – θ) = tan θ
  • sec (90° – θ) = cosecθ
  • cosec (90° – θ) = secθ
  • sin2θ + cos2 θ = 1
  • sec2 θ = 1 + tan2θ for 0° ≤ θ < 90°
  • Cosec2 θ = 1 + cot2 θ for 0° ≤ θ ≤ 90°

Practice Questions

Now that you are aware 10th class maths formulas list, Here are some practice questions to test yourself from NCERT:

The following real numbers have decimal expansions as given below. In each case, decide whether they are rational or not. If they are rational, and of the form, p/ q what can you say about the prime factors of q? 

  1. 43.123456789
  2. 0.120120012000120000. . . 
  3. 43.123456789

Divide the polynomial p(x) by the polynomial g(x) and find the quotient and remainder in each of the following :

  1. p(x) = x 3 – 3x 2 + 5x – 3, g(x) = x 2 – 2 
  2. p(x) = x 4 – 3x 2 + 4x + 5, g(x) = x 2 + 1 – x 
  3. p(x) = x 4 – 5x + 6, g(x) = 2 – x 2 

The ages of two friends Ani and Biju differ by 3 years. Ani’s father Dharam is twice as old as Ani and Biju is twice as old as his sister Cathy. The ages of Cathy and Dharam differ by 30 years. Find the ages of Ani and Biju.

A box contains 12 balls out of which x are black. If one ball is drawn at random from the box, what is the probability that it will be a black ball? If 6 more black balls are put in the box, the probability of drawing a black ball is now double what it was before. Find x

Let ABC be a right triangle in which AB = 6 cm, BC = 8 cm and ∠ B = 90°. BD is the perpendicular from B on AC. The circle through B, C, D is drawn. Construct the tangents from A to this circle

Maths Formulas for Class 10
Maths Formulas for Class 10


What is the formula of mode class 10?

The mode is a type of data value that is understood as the value appearing the most number times in a particular sample. It is defined as a topic that appears the most number of times in a given data. The formula to calculate mode is: L + (fm – f1) x h / (fm – f1) + (fm – f2).

How do you solve an equation?

An equation is a combination of numbers, variables and operations arranged in a particular order. An equation can be of different types ranging on the degree and number of terms. Thus, the process of solving an equation varies from question to question!

What is the formula of trigonometry?

Trigonometry has 6 different functions that are tangent, sine, cosine, co-tangent, secant, and co-secant. Based on these 6 functions there is a wide range of trigonometry formulas used in Maths class 10.  

How many theorems are there in maths class 10?

Trigonometry has 6 different functions that are tangent, sine, cosine, co-tangent, secant, and co-secant. Based on these 6 functions there is a wide range of trigonometry formulas used in Maths class 10.

This was all on maths formulas for class 10th. As soon as you complete the milestone- class 10th board exams, the decision of stream selection has to be made. You must seek expert guidance for this step. Get in touch with our experts and they will guide you about trending careers and courses of every Commerce, Science, and Arts.

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.